Also known as Asia minor, Anatolia, the Asian continent in the far west of the Black Sea, the Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea, which is between approximately 755.000 km2 is a mountainous peninsula, covering an area. In the Ottoman period as "Anadolu" is considered the traditional East bound along the Euphrates River, the Congress of the Republic of Turkey after the first Turkish Geography on the continent of Asia has been the same geographical term including all of the remaining part. Today, Turkey's widely on the continent of Asia is used as the name of the remaining territory. Anatolia, Asia and Europe due to its strategic position at the junction, many since prehistoric times has been the cradle of civilization. Some of the oldest campus was established in Anatolia in the Polished Stone age. Çatalhöyük, Çayönü, Nag Çori, pilgrims, Ndp and Mersin (Cyprus) are from the stone age Polished campuses. Troy campus was established in Polished Stone age and iron age right. The Sumerian, Assyrian, Hittite, Greek, Lydian, Celtic, Persia, Rome, Eastern Roman (Byzantium), the Safavid, Seljuk, Mongol and Ottoman has hosted dozens of civilizations. Contains hundreds of language and dialect. Anatolia, Christianity is one of the first was born and developed land. For many years, formed the basis of the territory of the Eastern Roman Empire. settled by the Turks from the 11th century and was governed. Starting from the battle of Manzikert in 1071, especially Muslim Turks to Anatolia in Adam. However, prior to Islam in the Balkans by the Turks.